Project description

Somerset Solar project overview


Planned capacity

Construction jobs

C02 emissions reduction*

125 MWac


177,068 tons

*Approximate annual carbon dioxide emissions reduced

Project information is approximate and subject to change


Project impacts

The 125 megawatt (MW) Somerset Solar project will support New York State’s climate goals and will have minimal impact on neighboring landowners, nearby communities, and surrounding landscapes. The Facility is to be located, in part, on the site of the former coal plant, Somerset Station, and has been designed to minimize impacts to the maximum extent practicable, with unavoidable impacts outweighing the economic and environmental benefits of the Facility.

Co-use is planned for the Facility and a preliminary co-use plan has been developed to incorporate thoughtful methods of land preservation and utilization in conjunction with the planned operational Facility. At AES, we understand the importance of land and are actively working to create synergies between renewable energy development and land use. Although these methods are not feasible at every project site, we continue to partner with researchers, farmers, and local stakeholders to assess site specific needs and advance the most feasible plan forward that incorporates co-use, dual-use or agrivoltaic system practices.

Specifically, stakeholders within the region will receive economic benefits from the Facility through construction, operation, and maintenance jobs, as well as expenditures for supplies and materials, lease payments to participating landowners, and tax payments to local communities. In addition, the Facility will promote public health and welfare by offering a sustainable alternative to generating electricity by non-renewable methods to meet New York State’s energy requirements. The Facility will contribute to a reduction in the amount of fossil fuel consumed and a corresponding reduction of global carbon emissions, which may result in a reduced rise in global ambient air temperature. This reduction in greenhouse gas emissions will contribute to improved environmental health overall. The Facility plays a crucial role for the community and the entire state of New York, as it will help meet New York State’s energy goal outlined in the 2015 SEP and 2020 Amendment to the 2015 plan: achieving 70% of electricity generated by renewable energy in New York by 2030. Lowering these emissions also improves air quality, which is beneficial to respiratory and public health.

The Applicant has conducted various surveys and studies throughout the 94-c process to assess potential environmental and community impacts, as well as aesthetic and visual impacts to the area surrounding the Facility Site. The Facility will not produce emissions of air or water pollution, will not produce odors, and will generate minimal noise. It will have a low profile relative to other types of development. Additionally, the Applicant intends to minimize impacts to community character through strategically placing vegetative screening, maximizing setbacks from residential uses, and avoiding sensitive resources. Impacts related to the construction and operation of the Facility are limited to:



  • Temporary and minor permanent impacts to agricultural land (hay and row crops), forested land, and successional shrubland. Areas that are temporarily impacted will be restored to their original condition following the completion of construction. While a portion of the Facility site will require removal of agricultural areas from agricultural production, these impacts are temporary considering that one of the benefits of solar generating facilities is that the impact to the land is minor, and after the useful life of the Facility (35 years), the land can be converted back to its original agricultural state. Of the 368 acres of agricultural land field-verified during site surveys, only approximately 6 acres will be permanently impacted by grading for access roads and equipment pads (i.e., inverters), and fence posts.

  • Fragmentation of forested habitat will be limited. The Facility has been sited to avoid existing hedgerows and vegetative barriers where possible.

  • USACE-jurisdictional wetland impacts are limited to approximately 0.09 acre (3,920 square feet) and therefore, no compensatory federal mitigation is required. This 0.09-acre area is also considered state-jurisdictional wetlands. The Applicant will work with the Office of Renewable Energy Siting (ORES) regarding mitigation to NYS-jurisdictional wetlands for unavoidable impacts of 0.09 acres.

  • There are no impacts to NYS-regulated waterbodies as part of the construction and operation of Facility. A minor amount (approximately 2 acres) of selective tree/brush cutting will occur within 50 feet of Fish Creek.

  • The Applicant has developed a net conservation benefit plan (NCBP) for potential take of occupied wintering habitat for northern harrier, which includes conservation of approximately 23 acres of suitable wintering grassland habitat for the species.

  • Traffic-related impacts associated with the Facility will be minor during construction. Once operational, the Facility is not anticipated to impact traffic through the Town of Somerset.

  • Noise and vibrational modeling have been conducted to confirm that impacts resulting from the construction and operation of the Facility will not exceed the design goals listed within the regulations of Section 94-c of the New York State Executive Law, through appropriate mitigation measures that have been incorporated into the Facility design.

  • A minor to moderate change to the landscape conditions is anticipated for most viewers within the Facility’s 2-mile Visual Study Area, primarily motorists/cyclists traveling along New York State Route 18/Lake Road. In accordance with Uniform Standards and Conditions of Section 94-c §900-6.4 (l), the Applicant will implement a Visual Impacts Minimization and Mitigation Plan, including visual contrast minimization and mitigation measures, a lighting plan, and landscape screening and planting plans.

Community benefits

Long-term Tax Revenue: The Somerset Solar project will provide numerous economic and social benefits. The land hosting the solar project will no longer be taxed at the lower rate provided for agricultural land and will generate many times more in taxes compared to current land use. Tax revenues to the county and school district with no additional burden on municipal services. Unlike residential or commercial development, this tax revenue will not create any material burden on County infrastructure or expenses for schools, water, sewer, emergency services, etc. The land hosting the solar project will no longer be taxed at the lower rate provided for agricultural land and will generate many times more in tax revenue compared to current land use.

Host communities will benefit from public road enhancements, increased tax revenues to fund local infrastructure and public services, schools and other community priorities. The construction, operations and maintenance phases create direct and indirect benefits of additional jobs and increased demand for local goods and services within the community.

Full-Time Operations and Maintenance Jobs: The Somerset Solar project is expected to create 3.6 full-time equivalent operations and maintenance jobs. Construction Jobs Local Economic Stimulus

During Construction: The Somerset project will support up to 204+ full-time jobs in construction during the 18-month construction period. Local construction employment is expected to primarily benefit those in the construction trades in Niagara County and the surrounding regional labor market, including equipment operators, truck drivers, laborers, landscapers and electricians. The project construction period will also stimulate spending at local hotels, restaurants, shops, entertainment and tourism.

Jeffersonville Area Ohio

94-c permitting process

The Accelerated Renewable Energy Growth and Community Benefit Act (the “Act”) was passed in April 2020 as part of the final state budget. The Act added a new section 94-c to the Executive Law, titled Major Renewable Energy Development ("Section 94-c”, "94-c", or "the 94-c permitting process"), which established a review process with uniform permit standards for New York State renewable energy projects.

Section 94-c established the Office of Renewable Energy Siting (ORES) within the NYS Department of State to provide a single forum for the environmental review and permitting of proposed major renewable energy facilities. This includes renewable energy systems with a nameplate generating capacity of 25 MW or more, co-located energy storage systems, and electric transmission facilities less than 10 miles in length. The final Section 94-c regulations were issued on March 3, 2021 and can be viewed here.

Prior to submitting a 94-c permit application, Somerset Solar is required to consult with the local agencies and stakeholders of the community in which the project will be located. ORES also requires that state agencies (e.g., NYSDEC) are consulted on wetland and stream delineations, threatened and endangered species, and archeological and cultural resources, if appropriate. Agency consultations should take place at the earliest point possible in the Applicant’s process. Following consultations with impacted agencies, 94-c Applicants must hold at least one meeting for community members. The Somerset Solar Virtual Community Meeting was held on December 15, 2021.

Outside of the 94-c public comment period and requirements, Somerset Solar is committed to ongoing stakeholder and community engagement;

From the date of its receipt of a permit application, ORES has 60 days to either make a completeness determination or share with the Applicant the permit application deficiencies. When the applicant receives a completeness determination, draft permit conditions will be issued by ORES for public comment. Within the comment period, the host municipality must submit a statement indicating whether the proposed renewable energy facility complies with applicable local laws. ORES must issue a final decision on the siting permit within one year of the date on which the application is deemed complete. See below for a full diagram of the 94-c process, from pre-application activities through the start of construction.

94c process

  • On August 17, 2023, Somerset Solar submitted a deficiencies response to Office of Renewable Energy Siting (ORES).

  • Application submitted on April 7, 2023.

  • On March 24, 2023, Somerset Solar filed a 3-day notice of intent to file an application

  • On January 31, 2023, Somerset Solar filed an updated 60-day notice of intent to file a 94-c application

  • On December 15, 2021, Somerset Solar held the 94-c community meeting virtually via Zoom.

Join the Somerset Solar Master Stakeholder List

Joining the Master Stakeholder List maintained by AES enables you to receive mailings of the 94-c required notices. You can join this list by filling out the "Stay Updated" webform at the bottom of this page, by calling 866-757-7697 or by emailing

Subscribe to the service list

If you would like to monitor the proceedings of the Somerset Solar 94-c application, you can do so without the formal commitment of becoming a party in the proceedings. By subscribing to the service list of a case (Somerset Solar: Matter Number 22-00026), you will receive an e-mail with a direct link to the documents issued by the Public Service Commission PSC), such as orders, notices, and rulings. If you are unable or unwilling to receive electronic notification, you will receive hard copies of Commission-issued documents by regular mail. If you are a registered user of the NYS Public Service Commission's Document and Matter Management (DMM) System, you may submit your service list subscription by clicking here and Subscribe to Service List link at the bottom of the page. Registration saves time and allows you to see and manage all of your service and party list subscriptions.

If you do not wish to register on the PSC's DMM System, you can download the Request for Service List form here. Please follow the instructions on the form.

Request party status

Generally, parties commit to contribute to the development of a complete record in a proceeding by conducting discovery, submitting testimony, briefs, or other formal written comments, and/or participating in evidentiary hearings, procedural conferences and other formal events conducted in the case. (Non-parties participate in PSC proceedings by filing informal comments, such as letters, in contrast to the formal comments filed by parties in response to Commission notices.) For some PSC proceedings, including rate cases, a person need not be a party to petition for rehearing of the Commission's final decision; however, in some other proceedings, only those who were parties in the case may petition for rehearing. The right to challenge a PSC decision in New York State Court may also be limited to those who were parties to the PSC proceeding. Under Commission rules, 16 NYCRR 4.3, you must seek permission to intervene as a party from the Administrative Law Judge (ALJ), if one is assigned to the case, or from the Secretary if there is no ALJ assigned. The standard for allowing intervention is whether your participation is likely to contribute to the development of a complete record or is otherwise fair and in the public interest; whether other parties are unfairly prejudiced is also considered.

If you are a registered user of the NYS Public Service Commission's Document and Matter Management (DMM) System, you may submit your request for party status by clicking here for Party Status link at the bottom of the page. Registration saves time and allows you to see and manage all of your service and party list subscriptions.

If you do not wish to register on the PSC's DMM System, you can download the Request for Party Status form here. Please follow the instructions on the form.

When you submit the request for party status here, you will be provisionally added to the party list, subject to the right of other parties to object and subject to the final determination of the ALJ or Secretary. You will be required to mail your request to anyone on the party list who cannot receive e-mail service.

Intervenor funding is money that Applicants make available to qualified, locally affected parties and municipalities to offset certain expenses they incur in participating in the state permitting process. These funds are meant to encourage early and effective public involvement in project development and permitting.

With the filing of its 94-c application, anticipated in March 2023, Somerset Solar will submit the required local agency account fee of $1,000/MW ($125,000). These funds can be sought by local community intervenors and host towns. 75% of funds are reserved for municipalities.

Any local agency or potential community intervenor seeking funding must submit a request for initial funding within 30 days of the date of application filing.

Requests for local agency account funds can be made via:

The ORES Request for Local Agency Account Funding form available in the Resources section of the ORES website

Or by email to

Or by mail to

Attention: Request for Local Agency Account Funding Office of Renewable Energy Siting
Empire State Plaza
240 State Street
P-1 South, J Dock
Albany, NY 12242

Further details regarding requests for local agency account funding will be provided on this website after the application is filed, on or about April 1, 2023.

If you have questions regarding the intervenor process, please contact the ORES office.


In addition to being viewable on this project website (see "Somerset Solar 94-c Application" below) and the Project Document Matter Master on the DPS website, the Somerset Solar permit application available for viewing in print at the following location(s), during regular operating hours:

Barker Public Library: Town of Somerset, New York 8700 Haight Road, PO Box 368 Barker, NY 14012 (716)-795-3575

To learn more about the 94-c permitting process, please visit the Office of Renewable Energy Siting website at


To submit any questions or comments regarding the 94-c permitting process, reach out to ORES by phone, email, written letter, or via this contact form on the ORES website (

  • (518) 473-4590


  • Mailing Information (letters and envelopes):

Office of Renewable Energy Siting (ORES)
c/o OGS Mailroom
Empire State Plaza
240 State Street
P-1 South, J Dock
Albany, NY 12242

94-c Application Materials


Community engagement events

All public meetings will be announced at least 14 days prior to the scheduled event and posted on the facility website.

Outreach Efforts

In addition to regular communication with local officials, AES has conducted community engagement and outreach events for Somerset Solar in accordance with 94-c regulations. Some of these outreach efforts are described below.

  • December 15, 2021: Somerset Solar Virtual Community Meeting

  • June 16, 2021: Somerset Solar Open House

At stakeholder meetings, it is AES’ customary practice to introduce project representatives, inform attendees about the project, and answer questions. In addition, AES solicits feedback from community members and members of local agencies. AES publishes all required notices and notices of public meetings in accordance with the Section 94-c permitting process.


Project resources

All materials filed in the Somerset Solar 94-c proceedings can be found here.


Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

 We will provide security fencing that will fully encompass the solar fields. Any wires outside of our security fence will be buried. As such, no part of our solar project will be accessible to the public. Within the fence line, all solar equipment will be grounded and touch safe, fully compliant with all applicable codes and accessible only to qualified personnel, with the exception of guided tours. Orientation will be offered to local first responders to educate them about the project, the equipment and access, and response procedures in case of unexpected events. Contact information for our monitoring and response center will be provided and posted on the project fence to ensure the public can easily reach project representatives.

When a solar project reaches the end of its project life, the project is responsible for executing the approved Decommissioning Plan, including abiding by all local and state decommissioning requirements. This includes the removal, recycling, and disposal of all solar arrays, racking, equipment, and other structures associated with the project, as applicable. The land surface within the project area will be sensibly restored to pre-project conditions to allow a return to agricultural use or other uses consistent with the land-use policies at the time.

The project will not require the use of fuel once operational and will not generate emissions. The energy produced by the facility will contribute to reducing air pollution and is anticipated to offset more than 100,000 tons of carbon dioxide emissions every year.

AES has worked in cooperation with the community throughout the development of the proposed Somerset Solar project. Special considerations are made for concerns raised by the community and AES continues to incorporate solutions to respond accordingly. Please see examples listed below.


  • Limiting footprint south of Route 18: Even while facing environmental constraints that have limited Somerset Solar’s footprint, AES developers have not expanded the footprint of the Somerset Solar south of Route 18, or at all. Somerset Solar only utilizes parcels owned by the Somerset Operating Company and therefore Somerset Solar has not approached or disturbed any additional landowners.

  • Vegetative screening: To help aid in visual concerns raised by nearby landowners, the AES team has added visual screening wherever possible. Additionally, AES is utilizing agricultural fencing instead of traditional chain link fencing on the site for a more visually appealing design.

  • Cooperation with local organizations: Conversations between the AES team and community local organizations have established opportunities through our Social Impact programs, contributions and sponsorships available in 2023.


AES’ community engagement philosophy is to create a strong foundation at the local level and build additional layers of support at the regional and state levels. The Somerset Solar team will continue this outreach and is committed to responding respectfully to community feedback and concerns through various channels.


Somerset Solar is a unique renewable energy project as it will be built on a former coal plant site, be self-contained on that site, utilize the existing electrical interconnection, and offer a beneficial re-utilization of a dormant coal plant site. Somerset Solar has the potential to be a national model that can be replicated elsewhere.

Contact us

For any inquiries or comments about Somerset Solar please contact us directly at:
Project Email:

NY Toll-Free Phone Number: 866-757-7697 (866-SLRPOWR)

Office Address:
292 Madison Avenue
15th Floor
New York, NY 10017

New York office hours

Have a question or comment for AES about our work in your community? Give us a call during these hours to talk to a company representative.

  • Every Monday from 11:00 AM to 1:00 PM ET

  • Every Thursday from 4:00 PM to 6:00 PM ET

  • Call our New York office at 866-757-7697 (866-SLRPOWR)

Stay updated

If you would like to be designated as a Project Stakeholder and added to the Project's Master Stakeholder List, please fill out the following form. Individuals and groups on this list will receive mailed copies of the regulatory project notices required by 94-c.